Listing Type: Trail

Saint-Nazaire – Bay of Bonne Anse

The Du Teillay, a small frigate of three masts or sloop, was a privateer armed with 18 canons and 24 swivel guns. She sailed from the port of Mindin in the early morning of 2 July 1745 (N.S.) to anchor in the bay of Bonne Anse in the afternoon. The seven men of Moidart, the companions of fortune of Prince Charles Stuart, had made their own way to reach Saint-Nazaire and embark on the ship. One of them, Cavalry Captain Sir John MacDonald, met a Mr. Talbot at an inn in the old town of Saint-Nazaire. According to Sir John MacDonald, the young officer was the same sailor who later commanded the Prince Charles in February 1746. The latter would have served aboard the Du Teillay and made the voyage of the ship from Saint-Nazaire to Amsterdam from July to September 1745. In the afternoon of 2 July 1745, Antoine Walsh, Sir Thomas Sheridan, and Prince Charles Stuart arrived together at Bonne Anse from the home of Séneschal René Galliot de Cran, residing at 42, Grand-Rue in the old town of Saint-Nazaire, where the Prince stayed a few nights. According to the local tradition, his house was later named "the house of the young pretender" (Figure 4). There is a path that stretches along the coast over 3 miles west of Saint-Nazaire that pedestrians can still follow today. This path known as chemin des Douaniers, takes hikers from beach to beach from the location of the old town of Saint-Nazaire to the bay of Bonne Anse (Figure 5). The Du Teillay set sail on 3 July 1745 at 5:00am bound for Belle-Ile where the ship remained at anchor nearly ten days until the final departure, on 15 July 1745 (N.S.), bound for Scotland, escorted by a 64-gun vessel, L’Elisabeth.


Free cark park.

Belle-Ile-en-mer – Port of Le Palais and bay of Ramonette

The Du Teillay with Prince Charles Stuart on board sailed throughout the night of 4 July 1745 (N.S.) to finally lay anchor in the bay just south-east off the fortified port of Le Palais in Belle-Ile, most probably by the beach of Ramonette located a mile east. The Prince had to wait on board the Du Teillay until 13 July 1745 for the arrival of her escort, L’Elisabeth, a vessel of the line of 64 guns built in Brest in 1722 and loaded with more than 500 men of infantry and crew on board. The two ships did not leave Belle-Ile for the south-west coast of Brittany until 15 July 1745 (N.S.). It is said that, during the ten days in Belle-Ile the Prince occupied his free time by learning the art of sea fishing.

Much later, the aide-de-camp to Lord George Murray, Colonel Richard Warren who organised the successful rescue of Prince Charles Edward Stuart in September 1746 on board L’Heureux was also given the command of Belle-Ile. As a reward for his efforts, Richard Warren was made Baron by King Louis XV before he became commander of Belle-Isle after the seven-year war.


Free car park. Follow the coastal path from the parking at Rue des Remparts through the gate below the city wall to Porte of Locmaria then follow the path to the beach of Ramonette. The path provides an excellent view to the bay.


Contact Tel: +33 (0)2 97 31 81 93

Paimboeuf – Port and Quayside

The small port of Paimboeuf is located some ten miles inland on the south bank of the river Loire. It was the avant-port of Nantes in the 18th century for ships of more than 200 tons that could not sail up to Nantes because the accumulation of sand in the river prevented larger ships from sailing further upstream. In March 1746, two frigates, Le Mars and La Bellone, were sent from Paimboeuf to mount a desperate rescue mission for the Jacobite army by providing a large amount of gold, weapons, ammunition, and brandy for Charles Stuart and his forces and, in case all hope was lost, locate, and bring the Prince back to Brittany. Whilst the Prince could not be found, the two ships faced three of the Royal in a sea battle at Loch Nan Uamh on 3 May 1746 (Old Style = O.S.). Le Mars, heavily damaged, and La Bellone – on board which a fever broke out, returned together to Paimboeuf on 7 June 1746 (N.S.) - with Lord Echo and Lord George Drummond safely on board Le Mars. Sir Thomas Sheridan travelled on La Bellone on board which a fever broke out during the return voyage. The hospital in Paimboeuf probably treated sick members of the crew.


Free parking.



Visitor centre of Paimboeuf (quai Sadi Carnot). Tel: 00 33 (2) 40 27 53 82

Saint-Brévin-Les Pins – Port of Mindin

The anchorage point located east of the head of Mindin was the starting point of the Du Teillay in the morning of 2 July 1745 (N.S.), according to the log of Captain Claude Durbé. The light frigate or sloop was to take Prince Charles Edward Stuart to the bay of Bonne Anse located a few miles west of Saint-Nazaire and embark Prince Charles Edward Stuart on the evening of 2 July to take him to Belle-Ile, then the west of Scotland for the start of the Jacobite uprising. West of the anchorage located at the foot of the river bridge is also the location of an ancient fort dating to 1861 that now hosts the Maritime Museum of the River Loire, a museum dedicated to the history of the navigation on the river. This location provides some pleasant beach walks along the south bank of the river Loire with some interesting views on the shipyards of Saint-Nazaire on the north bank of the Estuary.


Free parking. Museum opening hours.


Contact Tel: 00 33 2 40 27 00 64.


While the Jacobite rebellion in Scotland is even less mentioned in French history than in British history books, the support from France to the Jacobite uprising of 1745 is a fact little known to the British public.

Who were these rebels named the “Jacobites”? The Jacobites were supporters of the Stuart dynasty who fell in the late 17th century and tried to regain power in 18th century Britain. “Jacobite” derives from “Jacobus” in Latin, i.e. “James” in English or “Jacques” in French, James II having been officially the last Stuart king to reign over the kingdom of England1. It was therefore during the “Glorious Revolution” that William of Orange came to power in England in 1688 while king James II went into exile. Interestingly, William of Orange became king of Scotland and Ireland without making an explicit claim. The Jacobite partisans who still believed in the legitimacy of the Stuarts were then mainly concentrated in Scotland, Ireland and England. Many of them had no other choice but to flee into exile to continental Europe following the military defeats of the Jacobite armies against William of Orange in 1688 and 1689, the Hanover dynasty in 1715. 1719, then 1746 at the time when the last Jacobite rebellion ended.

Many Irish Jacobites who were forced into exile following the Treaty of Limerick in 1691 after the defeat of the Boyne (1690) found refuge in many ports in mainland Europe from Spain to the Netherlands, and in particularly in Brittany, given its geographical proximity to Ireland. The Irish exiles settled and prospered in merchant raiding and trade. These settlers of Irish origin, building on their success as privateers, merchants and shipowners, hoped to return to their ancestral land and, with their accumulated wealth, they were able to organize themselves behind Prince Charles Stuart to support his quest for the throne of England, Scotland, and Ireland in 1745 and 1746, supplying ships from the Breton ports of Nantes, Brest and Saint-Malo2.

There is now enough information to produce a list of about ten historic sites in Brittany linked to the rebellion of 1745. Visitors from across the Channel will be able to discover and appreciate these sites knowing that they complement the historical context of the Jacobite rebellion of 1745 which took place mainly in Scotland and radically changed the history of that nation. Breton sites linked to the Jacobite Revolt of 1745 mainly refer to the maritime aspect of the revolt, a lesser-known part of the Jacobite rebellion of 1745. Those sites remind the vital supporting role played by the Jacobites of Irish descent established along the west and north coasts of the kingdom of France. With their wealth acquired in the maritime trade and the sugar cane plantations in Saint Domingue, these Bretons of Irish descent formed a powerful and secret network in support of the Jacobite cause.

In 1690, the Corsair captain Philip Walsh, an Irish-born sailor and Jacobite supporter settled in Saint-Malo, rescued King James II of England and James VII of Scotland by bringing him back on his ship from Kinsale, Ireland to the safety of the French kingdom. Half a century later, one of Philip's younger sons, Antoine Walsh, was already a staunch Jacobite supporter when he met Prince Charles Edward Stuart in the early spring of 1745. He immediately offered his support for the Prince's quest to reclaim the throne of England, Scotland, and Ireland in the name of his father, James III, known as the “Old Pretender". James III had grown up in the castle of Saint-Germain-En-Laye in the west of Paris before moving to Rome with his family. In June 1745, Antoine Walsh provided Prince Charles Edouard Stuart with one of his ships, the Du Teillay, otherwise known as La Doutelle to travel to Scotland in the upmost secret. Concerned with safety of the Prince, he accompanied him to Scotland in July 1745. After having escorted the young Prince and strengthened by the success of his mission, Antoine Walsh was then charged by Jean-Frédéric Phélypeaux, count of Maurepas and secretary of the French Navy, to assemble the ships necessary for a naval invasion of Great Britain in November 1745. Later, he organised the supply of gold, powder, muskets, and ammunition, and armed two large frigates of Nantes, Le Mars and La Bellone, for a mission in Scotland in February 1746, this time with the financial support of King Louis XV.

New evidence has now emerged suggesting that one of Antoine Walsh's lieutenants, Antoine Talbot, born in Nantes and aged twenty-eight in 1746, was the same officer who took command of the snaw “Le Prince Charles”, a small three mast ship sailing from Dunkirk to Scotland on February 20, 1746. Captain Talbot was responsible for transporting gold, arms and ammunition to the Jacobite armies in March 1746, three weeks before Culloden's defeat. The ship managed to reach the Kyle of Tongue, in the far north of Scotland, and unload the gold destined for the Jacobite army as he was being chased by a Royal Navy ship, HMS Sheerness. Despite Captain Talbot’s gallant but desperate effort to accomplish his mission, the ship and her crew were captured by the government forces of King George II.

In Saint-Malo, Richard Butler, Antoine Walsh's brother-in-law made his two ships Le Prince de Conti and L'Heureux available to rescue Prince Charles Stuart from Scotland in September 1746. Since April 1746, The Prince had been relentlessly hunted by the governmental forces all over the Highlands and the Outer Hebrides. This rescue mission was organized under the general command of Colonel Richard Augustus Warren, aide-de-camp to Lord George Murray, with the support of Irish volunteers and Breton sailors. Commanding the two privateers were two talented captains of Saint-Malo, the young Marc-Joseph Marion Dufresne, aged twenty-two, captain of Le Prince de Conti who was later to explore Tasmania and New Zealand; his elder, Captain Pierre-Bernard Thérouart de Beaulieu, aged thirty-two, commanded L'Heureux, the frigate on board which Prince Charles Stuart embarked from Scotland to land in Roscoff in the north of Brittany where he was given a hero’s welcome.

All these maritime events are a stark reminder of the support provided from the ports of Brittany to the Jacobite cause.

The list of locations hereafter which forms The Jacobite Trail of Brittany are listed in chronological order of the events that took place during the Jacobite uprising from 1745 to 1746. The list is non-exhaustive and new areas of interest will in no doubt can be added subsequently.

[1] He was also the king of Scotland under the name of James VII.
[2] Following the treaty of union between Brittany and France signed in 1532, the duchy of Brittany maintained an autonomy and much of its powers until the French revolution, providing opportunities for the Irish merchants to prosper in Breton ports.

Prestonpans Battlefield

The Battle of Prestonpans was the first battle of the 1745 Jacobite Rising. On 20-21 September 1745 the Jacobite army led by Charles Edward Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charlie) achieved a stunning and unexpectedly one-sided victory over the Government forces led by Sir John Cope. About 50 Jacobites are killed compared with 400 Government troops. Almost all of the Government infantry was captured. The battlefield features a series of interpretation panels, several stone monuments and memorials, a viewpoint, and a mini-museum at Bankton Doocot. There is also a museum dedicated to the battle in the town of Prestonpans itself (


Viewpoint and trail at all times. There is a free app to guide your exploration and a downloadable leaflet.



01875 819922

Pass of Killiecrankie

Scenic river gorge, part of the Killiecrankie battlefield with trails and National Trust for Scotland visitor centre. On 27 July 1689 Government troops under General Hugh Mackay emerged from the pass and faced a large force of Highlanders under John Graham, Viscount Dundee. A large part of the Government force was routed and ‘Soldiers Leap’ is where one lucky redcoat escaped across the River Garry. The main battlefield is just north of the pass.


At all times. Opening hours for visitor centre



Phone (Visitor Centre) 01796 473233

Area of interest
1689 Claverhouse

Falkirk Muir Battlefield Trail and Monument

The Battle of Falkirk Muir was fought on the afternoon of 17th January 1746 between Jacobite forces commanded by Prince Charles Edward and Lord George Murray, and the Government troops of General Henry Hawley. It was the largest battle of the ’45 and a Jacobite victory. A circular trail of 4km takes in the monument and key locations.


At all times. Free.